Pure North case exposes the depths of cronyism and influence by wealth in Alberta

What’s wrong with giving wealthy Albertans from the oil industry privileged access to the halls of power and influencing power over the province’s universities? Well, the still developing case of Calgary’s Pure North S’Energy Foundation and its subsidiary Precision Health is a perfect example of what that sort of power can buy and its potential damage to the public interest in Alberta.

The wealthy oil man in question here is Allan Markin, founder and former chairman of Canadian Natural Resources Ltd (CNRL) and part owner of the Calgary Flames. In 2007, while still chairman of CNRL, Markin started up Pure North, a private health foundation that promotes preventive health treatments such as vitamins and minerals, including a particular reliance on large doses of vitamin D (often beyond the upper safe intake limit identified by Health Canada). Their focus is providing these therapies to vulnerable populations including seniors, the homeless, and people with addictions. According to numerous experts and former Alberta Health officials quoted in an extensive 2016 CBC investigation by Charles Rusnell and Jennie Russell, there is no peer-reviewed evidence that the therapies actually yield positive health outcomes, and the ultra-high vitamin doses may actually put patients at risk.

Notwithstanding the lack of evidence and research, the Pure North program was included for years as part of the benefit plan for CNRL employees—a practice that CNRL put an end to in 2012, two months before Markin resigned as chairman, after its health and safety committee identified that their endorsement of the program raised a number of risk-management issues.

Not deterred by his own company’s rejection of his program, Markin embarked on an intense lobbying campaign to have Alberta Health integrate the Pure North program into the province’s public health system. This lobbying campaign was strongly supported by the University of Alberta Provost and Vice President (Academic) Carl Amrhein. It is important to point out here that during Amrhein’s tenure at the U of A, Markin donated millions of dollars to the institution, including a $3 million gift (matched by CNRL) to fund the Markin/CNRL Natural Resources Engineering Facility in 2004. It’s also worth noting that Amrhein, who actually became a participant in the Pure North program, who went on in 2015 to become Deputy Minister of Alberta Health after a short stint as Official Administrator of Alberta Health Services.

Markin’s lobbying paid off, and in 2013 Alberta Health rushed through a $10 million grant for expanding their ongoing work with seniors. The grant was approved despite the strong objections of numerous senior officials at Alberta Health about the unproven techniques, the lack of scientific evidence, and the potential risks of the treatment to the patients. It was also re-structured at the last minute as to avoid any research ethics screening or oversight. The whole process highlights the degree to which as late as 2013 the Alberta government would always find a way to say yes to even the most absurd proposals put before them by a wealthy Calgary oil man. Especially one whose “foundation” is chaired by the likes of Jack Davis, former president and CEO of the Calgary Health Region and persistent wealthy lobbyist for corporate interests. The Pure North board also includes former U of A Dean of Engineering David Lynch, and their official spokesperson is former Alison Redford Chief of Staff Stephen Carter.

This spring it was revealed that in 2016 Pure North was granted a further $4.2 million as part of a larger pilot study supporting nurse practitioners in primary care clinics servicing vulnerable populations. This grant was provided despite the previous mountain of paperwork at Alberta Health outlining the risks and unproven nature of Pure North’s methods, and the fact that absolutely no evidence or documentation had been produced to show that the previous $10 million grant actually achieved any of the health outcomes or cost-savings that had been proposed. Especially alarming is the fact that the contract with Pure North for the $4.2 million grant was signed on behalf of the government by none other than Deputy Minister Carl Amrhein, who had at one point lobbied for Pure North and is an active participant in their program.

The Alberta Health Minister has now cancelled the remaining funding (over $3 million) to Pure North. It’s critical that the auditor general review how the grant was approved in the first place, and that the ethics commissioner investigate the role played by Carl Amrhein in the whole mess. Even that is not enough. Albertans deserve to know just how many programs, businesses, initiatives, and organizations have been given, or are still receiving funds because of the political and bureaucratic connections and the economic and political power of the individuals behind them rather than their own merit. Albertans also need to have faith in the integrity of their institutions of higher learning, which means knowing beyond the shadow of a doubt that questionable schemes are not receiving implicit academic endorsement simply because of the donation history of their proponents.

The Pure North case presents an important opportunity to expose and end the historically cozy relationship between wealthy Albertans, the government, and our province’s universities; an opportunity to opt for the public interest over the private interests of a few. Let’s hope they act on it.


  • Interesting that this article fails to point out other significant facts such as:
    1) Mr. Amrhein was hired by the NDP folks not the PCs to become the deputy health minister.
    2) Mr. Amrhein apparently signed off the on the $4.2 million AFTER the health minister signed the deal as per this information:

    In October 2016, Amrhein signed, on behalf of the ministry, a $4.2-million grant with Pure North for a nurse-practitioner-led primary care clinic. Hoffman has said the clinic will not offer any of its alternative treatments or its funding could be put at risk.

    Trussler said Amrhein told her the decision on funding Pure North was made elsewhere and he merely signed the agreement in his capacity as deputy minister, after Hoffman had approved the funding.
    3) The Health minister has provided no information with reference to the poor decision making of her department especially considered the first poor decision of a $10 million grant for what I consider junk science. It is especially troubling that the folks at Alberta Health went ahead with the second decision despite information provided by AHS and other departments that this investment of public dollars was not productive.

    In my opinion there isn’t much difference between the cronyism of the PCs and the NDP folks in government. Certainly there is a lot of poor decision making using public dollars for the buttering up of the rich elite in Alberta. Troubling lack of ongoing accountability by all these public servants and the political hires that should result in job terminations. But there you go. It is what it is. No matter who we hire, the political parties look out only for themselves and the elite in Alberta.

  • I do not care about all of the wrangling BS going on. As a active participant in the Pure North programs and the Precision Health Clinic, I am a very happy and satisfied client. I am one of those senior ‘below surviving income’ people. I have received more assistance from Pure North than from the so called normal doctors who refer me from one to the other with zero results. In my opinion it is the health care system that is wasting zillions of dollars. I send blessings every day to Allan Markin. His organizations literally saved my life. If he needs more money get it to him, at least they get results! Especially for the disadvantaged.

  • All we have heard from the comments are anecdotes about the positive benefits of Pure North’s health benefits, but this is not how we decide serious health care public policy questions. Frankly, I am very angry that the School For Public Policy would advocate for the dubious claims of Pure North’s products, when they won’t do a serious study on how funding CPAP machines would actually be more preventive because they would preventive illnesses such as hypertension or other related health issues. This is a result of a major donor who conned the School For Public Policy and the Alberta Government into supporting this bogus science and not focus on real preventive measures-like funding CPAP machines, dental cleaning, physiotherapy and many other things that would be beneficial to the public. Thanks to the CBC and Richard for exposing this rubbish to the public.

    • I kind of doubt anyone was conned.

      The folks at Alberta Health had good advice from scientists and AHS physicians but they decided to fund Pure North twice–once with the Horne guy and then with the Hoffman and Amrhein.

      This sort of dubious decision making —indicates to me at least that cronyism isn’t limited to the PCs but seems oddly enough to include the NDP folks.

      Its troubling that two health ministers in succession–lacked the science background to dismiss the Pure North products for the junk science project results they were and also ignored those with science backgrounds to hand over the cash to the rich guy with a project. I mean think about this matter. What were they thinking? Horne —in the first case handed over $10 million upfront like a present —and then Hoffman— handed over $4.2 million.

      The Hoffman certainly had no excuse to make the same mistake after the first dumb mistake—but she did it and then did nothing about the mistake until the investigation by CBC. Then the the error get reversed with some of the money already spent.

      Such poor decision making at Alberta Health requires scrutiny which hopefully will be provided by the Auditor General of Alberta. Perhaps a formal decision making tree could be put in place so dumb decisions aren’t made by ministers without any science background but with a tendency to please rich people. It’s troubling that we have to have to waste more time and money to be able to say without a doubt that we have some poor decision making in the government of Alberta and no sort of accountability for the poor decisions by health ministers. Shameful.

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